Throughout this project Beverley Eaton, my long-serving secretary, has continued to provide excellent support, even now that I have left the University of Sheffield, and I am particularly grate).
German civilians evacuate Aachen, October 1944 (photograph: Bettmann/Corbis) 7. Wilhelm Keitel (undated) (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 8. Alfred Jodl, 1944 (photograph: Ullsteinbild/Topfoto) 9. Heinz Guderian, 1944 (photograph: Ullsteinbild/Topfoto) 10. Karl Dönitz, c. 1943 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 11.
I would also like to thank all at Penguin who have helped to produce the book, Elizabeth Stratford for her excellent copy-editing and Cecilia Mackay for researching the photographs. Finally, there are the personal debts of gratitude.
Miller, Professor Bob Moore (who went to undue trouble to send me a batch of documents on a specific point related to the Netherlands, his chief area of expertise Professor Jonathan Steinberg, Dr Klaus Wiegrefe and Dr Benjamin Ziemann.
Hanged German officer, Vienna, April 1945 (photograph: akg-images/Interfoto/AWKZ ) 29. Overcrowded boat from Pillau crossing the Baltic Sea, March 1945 (photograph: akg-images) 30. Dresden, February 1945 (photograph: Scala, Florence/BPK/Walter Hahn) 31. Nuremberg, March 1945 (photograph: Scala, Florence/Walter Frentz Collection) 32.
Volkssturm men march past Goebbels, November 1944 (photograph: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz) 21. Arthur Greiser, 1939 (photograph: Scala, Florence/BPK) 22. Josef Grohé, 1944 (photograph: Scala, Florence/BPK) 23. Karl Hanke, c. 1942 (photograph: Ullsteinbild/Topfoto) 24. Karl Holz (undated) (photograph: Bundesarchiv, Koblenz) 25.
I am also grateful to the archivists and staff of the various record repositories where I have worked: the Bundesarchiv in Berlin/Lichterfelde, the Bundesarchiv/Militärarchiv in Freiburg, the Bibliothek für Zeitgeschichte in Stuttgart, the Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv and Staatsarchiv München, the Staatsarchiv Augsburg, the International Tracing Service.